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  • Cr2O3在水煤漿氣化過程中的行為

    結合實驗室和工業應用,闡述了高鉻磚在水煤漿氣化爐內服役過程中 Cr2 O3在熔渣中的溶解,Cr2 O3與煤渣中不同組分 FeO、CaO、堿金屬氧化物、釩氧化物之間的反應,以及六價鉻的生成條件和抑制方法。指出:高鉻磚中只有微量 Cr2 O3溶解于熔渣中,高溫下溶解于渣中的 Cr2 O3在冷卻過程中與 FeO 反應析晶生成鐵鉻尖晶石;材料中的 Cr2 O3與熔渣中 FeO 于耐火材料表面層反應生成復合尖晶石相致密層,延緩熔渣向磚內部的滲透,而以CaO 為主長石類化合物繼續向磚內滲透,堿金屬氧化物和釩氧化物與 Cr2 O3反應,造成侵蝕;氣化爐內局部具備Cr6+生成條件,磷酸鹽高溫分解為酸性氧化物可抑制六價鉻生成。...

    2022-09-09 21:40:01瀏覽:2 chromiumhexavalentcorrosiongasificationslurrywatercoaloxidechrome六價鉻侵蝕水煤漿氣化O3Cr2

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  • 顆粒分布對高濃度水煤漿流變性能的影響

    采用體積平均粒徑分別為81.30μ m,14.62μm的6.07 μm的三種陜西長焰煤粉以不同級配混合后制備高濃度水煤漿,利用Dinger模型評估了級配前后煤顆粒的粒度分布,研究了不同顆粒分布對高濃度水煤漿流變性能的影響.試驗結果表明:級配優化可使煤顆粒的實際分布更接近理論模型分布.當漿體濃度較高時,隨著漿體體系中細顆粒的增多,水煤漿流型由剪切稀化逐漸向剪切稠化轉變,依次呈現出屈服假塑型、Bingham型和脹流型三種流型,擬合出了相應的的流變學模型,利用流變機理解釋了漿體流型轉變的原因,得到了使水煤漿具有最優流變性能的配比方案....

    2022-09-09 21:36:01瀏覽:2 流變學模型高濃度水煤漿顆粒分布長焰煤formulasmodelrheologicalslurrywaterconcentrationhighdistributionsizeparticlecoaljet

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  • 新型聚羧酸系水煤漿添加劑的制備及其對水煤漿性能的影響

    以聚氧乙烯醚類大單體為基礎進行接枝改性,制備新型聚羧酸系水煤漿添加劑,通過正交試驗和單因素實驗對其合成工藝進行優化,并對該添加劑進行化學結構分析和應用性能研究.結果表明:最優合成方案為丙烯酸用量6.0g,丙烯酰胺用量1.6g,反應時間2.0h,引發劑用量1.8g,鏈轉移劑用量1.0g,反應溫度80 ℃,大單體用量35.0 g;實測其固含量為35.4%;改性單體成功接枝到高分子主鏈上,雙鍵基本反應完畢;僅需質量分數為0.4%的添加量就可為制備水煤漿提供合適的Zeta電位、良好的分散性和穩定性....

    2022-09-09 20:28:02瀏覽:2 watercoaldispersion分散性Stability穩定性聚羧酸polycarboxylate水煤漿添加劑additiveslurry

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  • 精細煤粉提高化工用水煤漿質量濃度的研究

    分析了陜煤集團神木張家峁礦業公司水煤漿廠生產的精細煤粉對神木化工水煤漿提濃后的各項指標影響,得出應用張家峁礦業公司的精細煤粉可大大提高神木化工 Texaco 氣化爐的有效氣體成分的含量,提升單爐產氣量的結論,從而提高企業效益及市場競爭力....

    2022-09-09 18:16:01瀏覽:2 concentrationmassdustsophisticatedslurrywatercoal質量濃度精細煤粉水煤漿

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  • GB/T 18916.55-2021取水定額 第55部分:皮革Norm of water intake. Part 55:Leather

    GB/T 18916.55-2021取水定額 第55部分:皮革Norm of water intake. Part 55:Leather...

    2022-03-18 17:24:56瀏覽:15 部分waterpart

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  • GB/T 40746-2021淡水有核珍珠Freshwater nucleated pearl

    GB/T 40746-2021淡水有核珍珠Freshwater nucleated pearl...

    2022-03-14 21:40:10瀏覽:12 freshwaterfreshwater

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  • Characteristic of hyaluronic acid derivative films cross-linked by polyethylene glycol of low water

    Objective: To test the characteristics of byaluronic acid (HA) derivative cross-linked by polyethylene glycol films of low water content. Methods: The cross-linked HA film with 200 μm thickness was got at atmospheric pressure at 25℃ for 5 d. After dried, cross-linked films of 10 mm×10 mm were weighed and immersed in phosphate buffered saline (PBS pH 7.45) at 37℃ for 24 h. Then the solution fraction and water content were estimated. Meanwhile, cross-linked HA derivative films were immersed in phosphate buffered saline (PBS: pH 7.45) at 37℃ for determined time and then implanted subcutaneously in the back of white rats to test in vitro or in vivo degradation characteristic. Results and Conclusion: HA hydrogel cross-linked by polyethylene glycol with water content is as low as 60% and this kind of HA derivative has a slow degradation rate....

    2020-12-22 21:24:13瀏覽:54 hyaluronicacidpolyethyleneglycolwatercontentdegradationrate

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  • Rheological and Biological Characteristics of Hyaluronic Acid Derivative Modified by Polyethylene Gl

    Hyaluronic acid (HA) was chemically modified by polyethylene glycol. Meanwhile,the dynamic mechanics properties of HA derivative and its viscoelastic changes were measured on 3ARES3 Rheometer (Japan) at 25 ℃. Dried cross-linked films of 10×10 mm2 were immersed in phosphate buffered saline(PBS: pH 7.4) at 37 ℃ with different time periods to measure its water content and in vitro degradation. Moreover, cell cultured solutions, which were in the different cultivation vesse with 1 mg/mL Solution of HA derivative as doing experimental sample for 2 d, 4 d and 7 d, were observed, respectively, by an inverted discrepancy microscope. The cell relative growth rate was analyzed with the SPSS10.0 mathematic statistic software. Based on the above experiments,structure-modified HA derivative can meet the requirements of biomaterials in view of rheological and degradation in vitro and cytotoxicity charactereistics from clinical medical aspect under this experiment conditions....

    2020-12-22 21:24:13瀏覽:69 hyaluronicacidviscoelasticitywatercontentdegradationcytotoxicity

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  • Analysis of black water aggregation in Taihu Lake

    Black water aggregation (BWA) in Taihu Lake is a disaster for the lake environment.It is a phenomenon resulting from water environmental deterioration and eutrophication caused by accumulation of pollutants in the lake,according to research on the water quality,pollutants of BWA,and occurrence mechanisms of BWA.Dead algae are the material base of BWA,the polluted sediment is an important factor for the formation of BWA,and hydrological and meteorological conditions such as sun light,air temperature,wind speed,and water flow are the other factors that may lead to the formation of BWA.Thioether substances such as dimethyl trisulfide are the representative pollutants of BWA.Parameters such as chlorophyll-a,DO,pH,and water temperature are sensitive indicators of BWA.Measures such as algae collection,ecological dredging,pollution control,and water diversion from the Yangtze River to the lake,are effective,and strengthening aeration is an emergency measure to control BWA....

    2020-12-06 21:11:24瀏覽:40 blackwateraggregationqualityindicatorcontrolmeasureTaihuLake

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  • Laboratory study and analysis of the instability of alongshore currents

    A laboratory experiment on the instability of alongshore currents was conducted on a plane beach with slope 1:40. Low-frequency fluctuations of alongshore currents with the period of approximately 100 s were observed. The dominant frequency and amplitudes of the oscillations of alongshore currents were determined using the maximum entropy method and the regression method of trigonometric function. The variations across the beach cross-section of the oscillation amplitudes of the alongshore current were given. The linear shear instability theory was used to analyze the mechanism of the oscillation, and the calculated results agreed with measurements. This confirms that the observed fluctuation of alongshore currents is due to the shear instability of alongshore currents....

    2020-12-06 21:11:24瀏覽:31 alongshorecurrentsShearinstabilitywaterwavesCoast

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  • Transport Process of Isopropanol Aqueous Solution by Pervaporation

    To study the transport process of isopropanol aqueous solution by pervaporation, the transport model of isopropanol and that of water at 323 K in polyvinyl alcohol(PVA) membrane were obtained in this paper. Theoretical predictions agreed well with the experimental results. The interactional parameter between water and PVA membrane is less than that between isopropanol and PVA membrane, which shows that water is preferentially dissolved in PVA membrane. The plasticizing coefficient and diffusion coefficient at infinite dilution of water are larger than those of isopropanol,which shows that the dissolution and permeation in PVA membrane of water are greater than those of isopropanol. Both the interactional parameter between water and isopropanol in the membrane and that in feed rise with the increase of isopropanol content in feed, which shows that the larger isopropanol content is, the higher selectivity of the membrane is and the more remarkable separation effect of pervaporation is....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:54 modelpermeatefluxisopropanolwaterpervaporation

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  • RILL EROSION PROCESS AND RILL FLOW HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS

    In the rill erosion process,run-on water and sediment from upslope areas,and rill flow hydraulic parameters have significant effects on sediment detachment and transport.However,there is a lack of data to quantify the effects of run-on water and sediment and rill flow hydraulic parameters on rill erosion process at steep hillslopes,especially in the Loess Plateau of China.A dual-box system,consisting of a 2-m-long feeder box and a 5-m-long test box with 26.8% slope gradient was used to quantify the effects of upslope runoff and sediment,and of rill flow hydraulic parameters on the rill erosion process.The results showed that detachment-transport was dominated in rill erosion processes; upslope runoff always caused the net rill detachment at the downslope rill flow channel,and the net rill detachment caused by upslope runoff increased with a decrease of runoff sediment concentration from the feeder box or an increase of rainfall intensity.Upslope runoff discharging into the rill flow channel or an increase of rainfall intensity caused the rill flow to shift from a stratum flow into a turbulent flow.Upslope runoff had an important effect on rill flow hydraulic parameters,such as rill flow velocity,hydraulic radius,Reynolds number,Froude number and the Darcy-Weisbach resistance coefficient.The net rill detachment caused by upslope runoff increased as the relative increments of rill flow velocity,Reynolds number and Froude number caused by upslope runoff increased.In contrast,the net rill detachment decreased with an increase of the relative decrement of the Darcy-Weisbach resistance coefficient caused by upslope runoff.These findings will help to improve the understanding of the effects of run-on water and sediment on the erosion process and to find control strategies to minimize the impact of run-on water....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:35 RillerosionprocessflowHydraulicParametersRun-onwatereffectsthe

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  • Calculation of Solidification Process of Continuous Cast Bar

    In this paper, it presents the results of calculation of solidification process of copper continuous cast bar by cross section size 120 mm×70 mm with application of ProCast 2010 software. The estimation of mould design effect on solidification process of continuos copper cast bar is completed at various speeds of casting. Profiles of liquid metal cavities and temperature allocations in the cast bar at various casting speeds are defined. The analysis of received liquid metal cavity profiles shows that a new mold construction allows significantly decrease of the length of the liquid metal cavity during continuous copper casting at HAZELETT? casting machine and the increase of maximum casting speed from 10 to 11 m/min. Adequacy of the results of copper continuous cast bar solidification process calculation is confirmed by the experimental data....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:39 continuouscastingcopperCASTbarwatercoolingmoldliquidmetalcavityheat

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  • 流體高效輸送節能技術在硫酸、磷復肥裝置循環水系統中的應用分析

    針對目前我國大部分硫酸、磷肥生產裝置循環水系統中普遍存在水泵運行效率低、能耗高、振動噪聲大以及汽蝕等問題,提出實施流體高效輸送節能改造技術.大量的實驗及成功的改造案例說明,實施該項技術改造后可以在節能的同時提高運行效率,并且能夠取得良好的經濟效益和社會效益....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:33 硫酸磷肥循環水系統流體高效輸送技術節能改造sulfuricacidPhosphatefertilizercirculatingwater

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  • 超超臨界汽輪機循環水系統改造及運行優化

    針對某電廠循環水系統存在的運行調整空間有限、廠用電率高和經濟性差的問題,對循環水系統進行了改造并開展了汽輪機組微增出力、循環水泵在不同運行方式下的冷卻水流量、循環水泵耗功以及凝汽器變工況試驗研究,獲得了循環水系統的經濟調度運行方式,保證了汽輪機達到或接近最經濟真空運行....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:32 汽輪機循環水系統改造微增出力經濟調度steamturbinecirculatingwatersystemmodificationMicro

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  • 無填料噴霧冷卻塔在磷酸循環水系統中的應用

    循環水冷卻效果的好壞是影響磷酸生產的關鍵因素。由于傳統填料冷卻塔存在諸多問題,故對其進行改造。改用無填料和高效低壓離心噴霧裝置的空塔,有效解決了填料塔分水不均、飄雨嚴重、冷卻效率下降等問題,循環水經冷卻塔進出口溫差提高1~2℃,且減輕了設備檢修清堵和維護的工作量和費用。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:27 磷酸生產循環水冷卻水冷卻塔無填料phosphoricacidproductioncirculatingwatercooling

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  • 自備熱電廠循環水系統清洗預膜及水質穩定性分析

    闡述了自備熱電廠循環水系統停車在線剝離、清洗和預膜處理的方法及結果。探討了循環水系統清洗、預膜的水質控制方法。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:19 循環水系統清洗預膜水質穩定性watercirculatingsystemcleaningpre-membranequality

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  • JKD - R40A1SS 冷卻循環水系統的維護和修理

    冷卻循環水系統工作好壞直接影響到電鏡的使用壽命,系統工作是否正常與平時做好維護是分不開的。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:37 冷卻循環水系統維護修理coolingwaterrecirculationsystemmaintenanceandrepair

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  • 馬蓮臺電廠循環水系統的運行控制及管理初探

    循環冷卻水是火力發電廠用水量的主要組成部分,循環水水質的好壞關系到發電機組是否能夠滿負荷正常運行.循環水水質不好,會造成凝汽器銅管結垢及腐蝕,嚴重時影響機組的安全經濟運行.水的循環利用,濃縮倍數的提高,要求必須采取適當的水處理手段,以解決熱力設備的結垢及腐蝕問題....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:23 循環水系統控制管理watercyclesystemcontrolmanagement

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  • 凈化廠循環水系統再生水回用的腐蝕控制

    某凈化廠循環水系統引入再生水后,腐蝕嚴重,嚴重影響了設備的正常使用,給凈化廠的正常生產造成了一定的影響。針對此情況,對其循環水體系現況進行了詳細的分析研究,發現其主要問題在于對再生回用水的不正確使用。對此開展了阻垢、緩蝕、殺菌等實驗研究工作,開發出適合于該廠的循環水系統穩定運行方案,為現場應用提供了技術支持。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:30 循環冷卻水再生水阻垢緩蝕殺菌recyclecoolingwaterreclaimedscaleinhibition

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  • 循環水系統采用水輪機替代風機電機節電改造

    對反擊混流式水輪機替代風機電機的改造方法、可行性、改造前后涼水塔的運行方式及改造后效益進行闡述。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:28 閉路循環水軸功率反擊混流式水輪機closedcirculatingwatershaftpowercounterAxialflow

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  • 浮法玻璃生產線循環水系統的腐蝕與防治

    在浮法玻璃生產中,循環水在熔窯攪拌器、錫槽拉邊機冷卻水套等設備和儀表中是必不可少的,循環冷卻水系統是保證浮法玻璃企業熔窯、錫槽、退火窯三大熱工設備正常運行的重要設備,研究循環水系統的腐蝕并處理好腐蝕問題對保證生產運行意義重大。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:27 循環水系統氧腐蝕防治措施circulatingwatersystemoxygencorrosioncontrolmeasures

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  • 煉化廠循環水系統菌藻粘泥控制方案應用研究

    針對延長石油榆林煉油廠循環冷卻水系統因菌藻粘泥滋生嚴重帶來的不利因素進行全面分析,通過分析循環水水質指標及時準確掌握系統運行情況;同時根據水系統運行情況調整循環水系統菌藻黏泥控制方案,總結出對系統菌藻黏泥有效控制的方式與方法,確保裝置長周期穩定運行;文章中詳細介紹了近五年循環水系統菌藻粘泥控制方案的施行及其取得的效果。...

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:28 循環水菌藻控制粘泥剝離circulatingwatermicrobiologicalcontrolsludgestripping

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  • 無填料噴霧冷卻塔在工業循環水系統中的應用

    循環水冷卻效果的好壞是影響生產的關鍵因素.由于傳統填料冷卻塔存在諸多問題,改用無填料噴霧冷卻塔,有效解決了填料塔冷卻效率不高、分水不均、飄雨嚴重,且減輕了設備的質量,檢修和維護的工作量和費用大大減少....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:28 循環水冷卻冷卻塔無填料circulatingwatercoolingtowerwithoutfiller

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  • 考慮再生單元水質約束的多雜質再生循環水系統優化

    廢水分類分級處理的再生模式是廢水再生的方向,建立和完善該模式的多雜質再生循環水系統的模型具有重要意義.本文從工業實際情況出發,在現有數學模型的基礎上,考慮了再生單元進口質量濃度的上下限約束,使得數學模型更加完善.通過實例研究,顯示了增加該約束的必要性,并分析了該約束對水網絡結構和系統新鮮水目標值的影響....

    2020-11-10 09:33:08瀏覽:18 水系統集成再生循環數學規劃法進口濃度多雜質watersystemintegrationregenerationrecycling

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